Timor Leste: 10 Interesting Facts

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Belonging to Southern East Asia, Timor-Leste is the shortest country in the world in terms of average population height. In this article, we’ll explore 10 interesting facts about Timor-Leste, and understand and explore its heritage, and culture along with beautiful natural landscapes.

1. Youngest Asian Country

Timor Leste (Formally known as East Timor) is the youngest asian country officially got independence on 20th May, 2002 from Indonesia rule. This makes the country as the world’s most recently established country. Before Independence, Timor Leste was under Portugal rule until 1975 and later its came under the Indonesian rule. Infact the West Timor (The west side of the Timor Island) is still the part of Indonesian Province.

2. Dual Official Language

Tetum and Portuguese are the two official languages of Timor-Leste. Tetum is a Austronesian language and the most widely spoken language among the population of Timor, while Portuguese is predominantly used in official language in documents, government and education. This linguistic duality underscores the nation’s multicultural identity.

3. Timor’s Currency

The official currency of Timor Leste is US Dollar and Timor Centavo coins. At present centavo coins are available only in the denomination 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200. Whereas 1 centavo is equals to 1 USD Cent.

4. Oil Account for 80% of GDP

According to the offical website of Timor Leste, about 80% of the Timor Leste comes from oil extraction and reserves from Timor Sea. This clearly shows the oil dependency in the country’s GDP is very high. While the other sector like agriculture, tourism, fishing, etc accounts for another 20% of the GDP.

Country is trying to grow other sectors as well to mitigate the risk of GDP’s dependency over one sector.

5. Diverse Culture

This nation is a melting pot of cultures. It is been influenced by Indonesian, Portuguese, and Indigenous traditions. Due to vivid culture across the nation, Its language, cuisine, and customs reflect diversity, creating a unique and harmonious blend of cultures.

6. The Coffee Haven

coffee field

Renowned for its coffee production, the shortest country’s high-altitude mountain regions yield exceptional coffee beans, making it a coffee haven. This aromatic and flavourful coffee is a source of national pride and an essential part of the country’s economy.

7. Breathtaking Beaches

Timor Leste beaches

With its stunning coastline, Timor-Leste offers beautiful beaches that rival those of more popular destinations. Beaches are famous for their Pristine, less crowded, and perfect for relaxation or water sports. These beaches are a hidden gem waiting to be explored.

8. Marine Wonderland

The abundance of different sea creatures in the sea around the shortest country makes it one of the best places in the world for diving and snorkeling. When you go underwater, you’ll see many beautiful fish, colorful coral reefs, and even the hard-to-spot dugong.

9. Youthful Population

Timor-Leste has a quite a young population, with a median age of about 19 years old. This youthful population brings several opportunities for the country in the form of work force that can elevate the country growth progress. But currently as per the source, around 40% of the population are below poverty line as well as unemployment rate is high too.

10. National Symbols

timor leste flag

Timor-Leste’s national flag holds great significance as a symbol of its fight for independence and its dreams for the future. It’s a striking flag with a red background, a black triangle on the left side, and a white star inside the triangle, signifying the country’s path to freedom and its optimistic vision for what lies ahead.

Fun Fact : Timor Leste contains the word Leste which is a Portuguese word which means East. Timor Leste was formally known as East Timor.

Hope you enjoyed reading the interesting facts about the shortest country. Don’t forget to check Life only on ConceptDive.

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