Smallest Countries By Population in the World

Mukilan Murugan

When we discuss in regards to countries we usually talk about the dominant one with a huge area, highly powerful, and always in headlines. You don’t know why? Check 80-20 principles and let’s get back to the topic.

In this article we will be talking about the countries with the least population, where they belong, and what it is known for. Yes, let’s talk about the 10 smallest countries by population all around the world.

Note: Most of the countries from the list of smallest countries are also the part of smallest countries by population as this is evident. We have only taken the countries that are independent and are not associated with any other countries.

10. Saint Kitts and Nevis – 47,195 People

Saint Kitts and Nevis

The small island of Saint Kitts and Nevis in the Caribbean Sea accounts for 47,195 people. This makes the country as 10th smallest country in terms of population. On the other side, the area of the country is approx 261 sq km which gives us the population density of 180 people per sq km.

It is a popular tourist destination because of its beautiful nature, sea shores, beaches, and comfortable climate. Please love to explore water sports that take place in the country during summer.

9. Marshall Islands – 42418 People

Marshall Islands

Marshall Islands has a total population of 42418 people and is considered the 9th smallest country in the world in terms of Population. If we compare it with the total area of the Marshall Islands, we get a population density of approx. 234 people per sq km.

The beautiful scenic view around the island which is covered by the lagoons, pristine beaches, etc makes everything unrealistic and too good to be true as a tourist.

8. Liechtenstein – 39,724 People


Liechtenstein is the 8th smallest country in terms of population. It’s a beautiful tiny country that gives you a glimpse of the beautiful Appalachian Mountains, heritage visits, and Liechtensteiner cuisine. The total population of the country is somewhere around 39,724 while the population density of the country comes to 248.2 people per sq km.

Since the country is a neighbor to Switzerland and Austria, you will find several resemblances in their food, culture, and even in the outdoors…

7. Monaco – 39,050 People

Monaco is a densely populated city and country with a total population of 39,050 people. When compared with its geographical area, the population density turns out to be around 19331 people per sq. km. This means Monaco’s population density is 77 times more than Liechtenstein’s.

Monaco is a rich destination. You will find several casinos, high-end designer malls, clubs, human-made beaches, and everything that a rich family would like to have for their vacations.

6. San Marino – 33,889 People

San Marino

San Marino is the 5th smallest country when it comes to area size but it is the 6th Smallest country if we consider its population. The population density of San Marino is approx. 555. This means every sq. km has a population of 555 people.

It welcomes 3 million people each year for tourism which is the main revenue source for the country. A few of the popular tourist spots are Guaita Tower, Felicia Second Tower, Basilica of Saint Marinus, etc.

5. Palau – 16,733 People

Palau Country

Palau is the 5th smallest country by population. It has a total population of 16,733 people in its entire 458.4 sq km area. This accounts for the total population density of around 36.5.

The country’s main source of revenue lies in tourism, fishing, and agriculture. Sports activities such as Scuba diving and Snorkeling are some of the top favorites to do in Palau. Palau also receives financial assistance from the United States under the agreement between the U.S. and the Palau Agreement.

4. Cook Islands – 15,040 People

cook islands country

The Cook Islands is a group of 15 islands located in the Southern Pacific Ocean. It’s a travel destination for most tourists, especially from Australia and New Zealand. The country is the 4th smallest independent country when it comes to population with only 15,040 people living in the entire country.

The Area of the country is somewhere around 236.7 sq km which gives a population density of 63.5.

3. Nauru – 11,680 People

Credit: Remi Chauvin/The Guardian

Nauru is the 3rd smallest country with the least population in the world. It’s an island country in the Pacific with only 11,680 people living in the entire country of 21 sq km (13 sq miles). The population density of the country comes to 556. The country is mostly dependent on financial aid from several countries including Australia, China, Taiwan etc.

On the other side, Tourists also land on the islands usually from nearby countries to enjoy their vacations in nature and enjoy the famous water sports of the island.

2. Tuvalu – 10679 People

Tuvalu country
Credit: Photo/Alastair Grant

Tuvalu is the second smallest country by population in the entire world. The total population that lives in Tuvalu is only approx. 10679. While the country of Tuvalu is tiny, it accounts for a population density of 410.

Regarding tourists, Tuvalu is the least visited country in the world. This is because of several reasons such as no international flights from major places. Currently, there are only two ways to reach Tuvalu, one is from Fiji and the other is from Kiribati. Also, the frequency of flights is less, once in a few days.

1. Vatican City – 764 People

Vatican most smallest country

The world’s smallest country is not only small in terms of area but also in terms of population. Honestly, It wasn’t a surprise to me when I got to know this while researching the topic. The country with an area of 0.44 sq km has a population of 764 people which gives the population density as high as 1736.

The country generates revenue through various sources such as donations, and investments. real estate, museum, and other internal services. Although the size of the country is small, does not have any natural resources to generate revenue, and has no taxes, still it is one of the wealthiest countries in the world. One of its kind.


How Population is counted in each Country?

Every country has a certain Population census rule that takes place for a predefined duration. Once the census is complete, new records of data are published, and the figures of the new population counts get publicized.

Which Continent has the most Smallest Countries?

Europe and Oceania are the two most dominating continents in the list of smallest countries. Countries such as Vatican City, Monaco, San Marino, and Liechtenstein belong to Europe while countries like Nauru, Tuvalu, Marshall Islands, etc belong to Oceania.

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